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Irfan Haider Abidi1 Zhengtang Luo2 Barbaros Oezyilmaz1

1, Centre for Advanced 2D Materials, National University of Singapore, Singapore, , Singapore
2, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, , Hong Kong

Luminescent defect-centers in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) have emerged as a promising 2D-source of single photon emitters (SPEs) due to their high brightness and robust operation at room temperature. The ability to create such emitters with well-defined optical properties is a cornerstone towards their integration into on-chip photonic architectures. Here, we report an effective approach to fabricate hBN single photon emitters (SPEs) with desired emission properties in two isolated spectral regions via the manipulation of boron diffusion through copper during atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD)—a process we term gettering. Using the gettering technique we deterministically place the resulting zero-phonon line (ZPL) between the regions 550-600 nm or from 600-650 nm, paving the way for hBN SPEs with tailored emission properties across a broad spectral range. Our ability to control defect formation during hBN growth provides a simple and cost effective means to improve the crystallinity of CVD hBN films, and lower defect density making it applicable to hBN growth for a wide-range of applications. Our results are important to understand defect formation of quantum emitters in hBN and deploy them for scalable photonic technologies.

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